Excel Advisers

excel formulas vlookup

Microsoft Excel, a staple in data analysis, offers a plethora of advanced tools and formulas. Among these, the Excel formulas VLOOKUP stands out, enabling users to effortlessly search for specific data within a spreadsheet. In this guide, we’ll delve deep into the VLOOKUP function, addressing your specific questions to ensure you harness its full potential.

What are the 3 rules for VLOOKUP?

  1. Lookup Value’s Position: The lookup value must always be in the first column of the range for VLOOKUP to work correctly.
  2. Range Selection: Ensure the range includes both the lookup value column and the return value column.
  3. Match Type: By default, VLOOKUP searches for an approximate match. For an exact match, specify FALSE in the fourth argument.

What are the 4 VLOOKUP arguments?

VLOOKUP operates on four primary arguments:

  1. Lookup Value: The specific value you’re searching for.
  2. Table Array: The range containing both the lookup value and the return value.
  3. Column Index Number: Indicates which column’s data should be returned.
  4. Range Lookup: Choose between TRUE (approximate match) or FALSE (exact match).

What is another Excel formula for VLOOKUP?

While VLOOKUP is immensely popular, Excel offers another function called HLOOKUP. HLOOKUP performs horizontal lookups, as opposed to the vertical lookups of VLOOKUP.

Can you use a formula within VLOOKUP?

Yes, you can nest formulas within the VLOOKUP function. This capability enhances its flexibility, allowing for dynamic data lookups.

How do I do a VLOOKUP example?

For instance, if you want to find the price of a product named “Apple” in a table ranging from A1 to B10, where column A has product names and column B has prices, you’d use: =VLOOKUP("Apple", A1:B10, 2, FALSE)

How to do a VLOOKUP step by step?

  1. Start by typing =VLOOKUP( in the desired cell.
  2. Input or select the lookup value.
  3. Define the table array where your data is located.
  4. Indicate the column index number.
  5. Specify your preference for an exact or approximate match.
  6. Close the parenthesis and press Enter.

What is an XLOOKUP in Excel?

XLOOKUP is a more advanced version of VLOOKUP, introduced in Excel 365 and Excel 2021. It offers the ability to perform both vertical and horizontal lookups without the constraints of the lookup value’s position.

What is the difference between Excel formulas VLOOKUP and XLOOKUP?

VLOOKUP is limited to vertical lookups and requires the lookup value to be in the first column. In contrast, XLOOKUP provides more flexibility, allowing searches in any direction and without the limitation of the lookup value’s position.


Mastering the VLOOKUP function in Excel can transform extensive datasets into actionable insights in mere minutes. As you further explore Excel, consider diving into its advanced counterpart, XLOOKUP, to elevate your data analysis skills.


There is more detailed Excel formulas Vlookup Youtube video.

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